Civilian Employment vs Industry Employment Comparison

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The Employment Development Department (EDD) releases data about jobs every month. But the number of jobs we report for Civilian Employment differs from the number of jobs reported for Total Industry Employment (also known as Wage and Salary Employment). Why?

Total Industry Employment counts the number of jobs by the place of work. This DOES not include business owners, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, or private household workers. If someone holds more than one job, they may be counted more than once.

Civilian Employment counts the number of working people by where they live. This includes business owners, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, private household workers, and wage and salary workers. An individual with more than one job is only counted once.

Total Industry Employment
(Wage and Salary Employment)
Civilian Employment
Counts Jobs Counts People
The number of jobs in an area for which employers pay workers wages or salaries. The number of residents in an area who work.
Excludes business owners, self-employed people, unpaid volunteers or family workers and private household workers. Includes residents with wage and salary jobs and those who are business owners or self-employed, private household workers or unpaid workers in a family enterprise.
Includes the number of jobs in an area held by commuters who live outside the area and local residents. Includes area residents who travel to jobs in other areas.  Excludes residents of other counties or areas commuting to jobs in this area.
Counts all full-time and part-time jobs. Counts all residents with full-time or part-time jobs.
If an individual holds two wage and salaried jobs, total industry employment will report both jobs. Local residents holding more than one job are only counted once.
DOES not count jobs held by those not working because of a labor-management dispute. Includes residents with jobs, but who are not working due to a labor-management dispute.
  Civilian employment, added to the number of unemployed people equals the labor force.

For answers to other questions, call (916) 262-2162 or contact one of our Labor Market Researchers.